Posts tagged with "consulting firm"

Two-Prong Test for Temporary Injunction for Breach of Non-Solicitation Agreement

Integrated Corporate Relations, Inc. v. Bidz, Inc., 2009 Conn. Super. LEXIS 2212
Case Background

Integrated Corporate Relations, Inc. was a Westport-based parties relations and public consulting firm that contracted with Bidz, Inc., a California corporation, to perform various investor relations services.  The agreement between the companies contained a non-solicitation clause that prohibited Bidz from soliciting, hiring, or otherwise engaging any of Integrated’s personnel during the agreement and for one year following its termination.  Integrated stated that this was their standard practice with clients in order to protect its legitimate business interests and the resources it had spent to develop its business model.  It also claimed that it incurs a hardship when an employee leaves because it must find a suitable replacement.

Integrated hired Mr. Andrew Greenebaum in 2003 as an at-will employee at the company’s Los Angeles office to work as a Senior Managing Director where he was the primary manager of Bidz’s account.  Mr. Greenebaum worked in this capacity until his resignation on February 27, 2009 at which point he founded his own company, Addo Communications, Inc. with another former Integrated employee.  Bidz terminated its business relationship with Integrated on March 30, 2009 and shortly thereafter contracted with Mr. Greenebaum and Addo for investor relations services.

Granting Temporary Injunction

Integrated sued Bidz when it learned of this new business relationship and claimed that Bidz had violated the non-solicitation agreement in their contract.  The company requested equitable relief and called for the enforcement of the restrictive covenant.  Integrated requested a temporary injunction while the case was being decided in order to prevent further violations of the agreement.  The court’s holding in this case pertains to the issue of whether to grant a temporary injunction.

The court outlined that the primary purpose of a temporary injunction is to “preserve the status quo until the rights of the parties can be finally determined after a hearing on the merits”.  Connecticut courts will generally grant temporary injunctions when the moving party: 1) demonstrates “it is likely to succeed on the merits of its case” and 2) that it will “suffer immediate and irreparable harm if the injunction is not granted”.  The court concluded that Integrated failed to meet either of these requirements and denied the company’s request for a temporary injunction.

The Court’s Decision

The court concluded that Integrated lacked a meritorious claim regarding a breach of the employment contract by Bidz contracting with one of its former employees.  The non-solicitation agreement in question is one between a consulting company and a client, not between a company and its employee(s).  Integrated failed to present any case from any jurisdiction in the United States where a court recognized this business arrangement as an interest that warranted legal protection.

This, according to this court, meant that Integrated lacked a legitimate business interest that a temporary injunction would be necessary to protect.  Additionally, Integrated failed to present evidence that Bidz had actually “solicited” Mr. Greenebaum and purposefully induced him to terminate his employment with Integrated.  The court used these two factors to hold that that Integrated would most likely not succeed on the merits of its case.

Conclusions

The facts of the case also led the court to conclude that Integrated would not experience imminent and irreparable harm if it failed to issue an injunction.  The court held that this was requisite for granting a temporary injunction and commented “Connecticut law supports a distinctly moderated level of proof required to establish the elements of irreparable harm”.  Even though Connecticut courts require only a “moderated level of proof”, the moving party must demonstrate some degree of imminent, irreparable harm.  The only loss that Integrated could demonstrate was that two employees terminated their employment and started their own company.  They were both at-will employees however and could have done so at any point in time, regardless of Bidz’s action.

In conclusion, the court held that Integrated failed to meet the requirements that would warrant a temporary injunction against Bidz to prevent it from transacting with Mr. Greenebaum and his company Addo.

The lawyers at Maya Murphy, P.C., are experienced and knowledgeable employment and corporate law practitioners and assist clients in New York, Bridgeport, Darien, Fairfield, Greenwich, New Canaan, Norwalk, Stamford, Westport, and elsewhere in Fairfield County.  If you have any questions relating to your non-compete agreement or would like to discuss any element of your employment agreement, please contact Joseph C. Maya, Esq. by phone at (203) 221-3100 or via e-mail at JMaya@Mayalaw.com.

Differences in the Enforcement of Non-Disclosure and Non-Compete Covenants

Differences in the Enforcement of Non-Disclosure and Non-Compete Covenants
Newinno, Inc. v. Peregrim Development, Inc., 2004 Conn. Super. LEXIS 1160

Mr. Russell Koch worked for Newinno, Inc., a consulting firm, where his employment was contingent upon several restrictive covenants contained in his employment contract. The main agreement between the parties was a non-disclosure covenant designed to protect Newinno’s confidential information and business interests upon Mr. Koch’s termination. The agreement had four main provisions such that Mr. Koch was: 1) prohibited from disclosing information about the company that “is not generally known in the industry which the company is or may become engaged”, 2) prohibited disclosing any information relating to actual or potential clients’ products, business plans, designs, or trade secrets, 3) prohibited disclosing information from the company’s “BrainBank”, and lastly 4) prohibited disclosing information relating to the company’s “lead/prospect and customer lists”. The agreement did not articulate any time or geographical restrictions, which became the main issue in the case and how Mr. Koch asserted that the covenant was not binding or enforceable. These provisions went into effect when Mr. Koch voluntarily terminated his employment at Newinno and began to work for one of its competitors, Peregrim Development, Inc..
Newinno sought to enforce the provisions and requested an injunction from the court to prevent Mr. Koch’s further employment at its direct competitor in order to prevent any breaches of the covenant by him disclosing confidential information. The court held in favor of Newinno and stated that the company had met the burden of proof to demonstrate that the facts of the case warranted injunctive relief. In its decision, the court explained that the issue at the heart of the case was not “whether a reasonableness standard should govern the enforceability of the parties’ confidentiality agreements, but rather concerns [regarding] the exact manner in which the test should be defined or applied”.
Connecticut courts are divided on whether to apply the same criteria and test used to assess non-compete agreements’ enforceability or resort to a more relaxed version of the reasonableness test. Non-disclosure/confidentiality agreements have traditionally enjoyed treatment that is more favorable under Connecticut laws in the courts than non-compete agreements. There are not any Connecticut cases, state or federal, that have held that the enforceability of confidentiality agreements hinges on the same standards and test that governs the enforceability of non-compete agreements. Overall, the courts have concluded that time and geographical restrictions are not necessary in order to enforce a non-disclosure agreement. This is very divergent from how the courts address the enforceability of non-compete agreements where they generally insist that those provisions are in the text of the agreement. This trend has led Connecticut courts to apply a modified version of the non-compete enforceability test where the legal analysis takes into account the “purpose of the confidentiality covenants and the specific information sought to be protected.
It is beneficial for an employee to know the difference in the enforcement trends and policies with regard to non-disclosure and non-compete agreements under Connecticut law. This is especially true when an employment contract contains both covenants and ensuing legal disputes question the validity of each. A party may succeed on the merits of the case with regard to the enforcement of one covenant and then fail on the merits for the other.
If you have any questions relating to your non-compete agreement or would like to discuss any element of your employment agreement, please contact Joseph C. Maya, Esq. by phone at (203) 221-3100 or via e-mail at JMaya@Mayalaw.com.

Continue Reading

Differences in the Enforcement of Non-Disclosure and Non-Compete Covenants

Differences in the Enforcement of Non-Disclosure and Non-Compete Covenants
Newinno, Inc. v. Peregrim Development, Inc., 2004 Conn. Super. LEXIS 1160

Mr. Russell Koch worked for Newinno, Inc., a consulting firm, where his employment was contingent upon several restrictive covenants contained in his employment contract. The main agreement between the parties was a non-disclosure covenant designed to protect Newinno’s confidential information and business interests upon Mr. Koch’s termination. The agreement had four main provisions such that Mr. Koch was: 1) prohibited from disclosing information about the company that “is not generally known in the industry which the company is or may become engaged”, 2) prohibited disclosing any information relating to actual or potential clients’ products, business plans, designs, or trade secrets, 3) prohibited disclosing information from the company’s “BrainBank”, and lastly 4) prohibited disclosing information relating to the company’s “lead/prospect and customer lists”. The agreement did not articulate any time or geographical restrictions, which became the main issue in the case and how Mr. Koch asserted that the covenant was not binding or enforceable. These provisions went into effect when Mr. Koch voluntarily terminated his employment at Newinno and began to work for one of its competitors, Peregrim Development, Inc..
Newinno sought to enforce the provisions and requested an injunction from the court to prevent Mr. Koch’s further employment at its direct competitor in order to prevent any breaches of the covenant by him disclosing confidential information. The court held in favor of Newinno and stated that the company had met the burden of proof to demonstrate that the facts of the case warranted injunctive relief. In its decision, the court explained that the issue at the heart of the case was not “whether a reasonableness standard should govern the enforceability of the parties’ confidentiality agreements, but rather concerns [regarding] the exact manner in which the test should be defined or applied”.
Connecticut courts are divided on whether to apply the same criteria and test used to assess non-compete agreements’ enforceability or resort to a more relaxed version of the reasonableness test. Non-disclosure/confidentiality agreements have traditionally enjoyed treatment that is more favorable under Connecticut laws in the courts than non-compete agreements. There are not any Connecticut cases, state or federal, that have held that the enforceability of confidentiality agreements hinges on the same standards and test that governs the enforceability of non-compete agreements. Overall, the courts have concluded that time and geographical restrictions are not necessary in order to enforce a non-disclosure agreement. This is very divergent from how the courts address the enforceability of non-compete agreements where they generally insist that those provisions are in the text of the agreement. This trend has led Connecticut courts to apply a modified version of the non-compete enforceability test where the legal analysis takes into account the “purpose of the confidentiality covenants and the specific information sought to be protected.
It is beneficial for an employee to know the difference in the enforcement trends and policies with regard to non-disclosure and non-compete agreements under Connecticut law. This is especially true when an employment contract contains both covenants and ensuing legal disputes question the validity of each. A party may succeed on the merits of the case with regard to the enforcement of one covenant and then fail on the merits for the other.
If you have any questions relating to your non-compete agreement or would like to discuss any element of your employment agreement, please contact Joseph C. Maya, Esq. by phone at (203) 221-3100 or via e-mail at JMaya@Mayalaw.com.

Continue Reading