Posts tagged with "equitable relief"

Two-Prong Test for Temporary Injunction for Breach of Non-Solicitation Agreement

Integrated Corporate Relations, Inc. v. Bidz, Inc., 2009 Conn. Super. LEXIS 2212
Case Background

Integrated Corporate Relations, Inc. was a Westport-based parties relations and public consulting firm that contracted with Bidz, Inc., a California corporation, to perform various investor relations services.  The agreement between the companies contained a non-solicitation clause that prohibited Bidz from soliciting, hiring, or otherwise engaging any of Integrated’s personnel during the agreement and for one year following its termination.  Integrated stated that this was their standard practice with clients in order to protect its legitimate business interests and the resources it had spent to develop its business model.  It also claimed that it incurs a hardship when an employee leaves because it must find a suitable replacement.

Integrated hired Mr. Andrew Greenebaum in 2003 as an at-will employee at the company’s Los Angeles office to work as a Senior Managing Director where he was the primary manager of Bidz’s account.  Mr. Greenebaum worked in this capacity until his resignation on February 27, 2009 at which point he founded his own company, Addo Communications, Inc. with another former Integrated employee.  Bidz terminated its business relationship with Integrated on March 30, 2009 and shortly thereafter contracted with Mr. Greenebaum and Addo for investor relations services.

Granting Temporary Injunction

Integrated sued Bidz when it learned of this new business relationship and claimed that Bidz had violated the non-solicitation agreement in their contract.  The company requested equitable relief and called for the enforcement of the restrictive covenant.  Integrated requested a temporary injunction while the case was being decided in order to prevent further violations of the agreement.  The court’s holding in this case pertains to the issue of whether to grant a temporary injunction.

The court outlined that the primary purpose of a temporary injunction is to “preserve the status quo until the rights of the parties can be finally determined after a hearing on the merits”.  Connecticut courts will generally grant temporary injunctions when the moving party: 1) demonstrates “it is likely to succeed on the merits of its case” and 2) that it will “suffer immediate and irreparable harm if the injunction is not granted”.  The court concluded that Integrated failed to meet either of these requirements and denied the company’s request for a temporary injunction.

The Court’s Decision

The court concluded that Integrated lacked a meritorious claim regarding a breach of the employment contract by Bidz contracting with one of its former employees.  The non-solicitation agreement in question is one between a consulting company and a client, not between a company and its employee(s).  Integrated failed to present any case from any jurisdiction in the United States where a court recognized this business arrangement as an interest that warranted legal protection.

This, according to this court, meant that Integrated lacked a legitimate business interest that a temporary injunction would be necessary to protect.  Additionally, Integrated failed to present evidence that Bidz had actually “solicited” Mr. Greenebaum and purposefully induced him to terminate his employment with Integrated.  The court used these two factors to hold that that Integrated would most likely not succeed on the merits of its case.

Conclusions

The facts of the case also led the court to conclude that Integrated would not experience imminent and irreparable harm if it failed to issue an injunction.  The court held that this was requisite for granting a temporary injunction and commented “Connecticut law supports a distinctly moderated level of proof required to establish the elements of irreparable harm”.  Even though Connecticut courts require only a “moderated level of proof”, the moving party must demonstrate some degree of imminent, irreparable harm.  The only loss that Integrated could demonstrate was that two employees terminated their employment and started their own company.  They were both at-will employees however and could have done so at any point in time, regardless of Bidz’s action.

In conclusion, the court held that Integrated failed to meet the requirements that would warrant a temporary injunction against Bidz to prevent it from transacting with Mr. Greenebaum and his company Addo.

The lawyers at Maya Murphy, P.C., are experienced and knowledgeable employment and corporate law practitioners and assist clients in New York, Bridgeport, Darien, Fairfield, Greenwich, New Canaan, Norwalk, Stamford, Westport, and elsewhere in Fairfield County.  If you have any questions relating to your non-compete agreement or would like to discuss any element of your employment agreement, please contact Joseph C. Maya, Esq. by phone at (203) 221-3100 or via e-mail at JMaya@Mayalaw.com.

Court Grants Combination of Equitable & Legal Relief for Breach of Non-Compete Agreement

In Party Time Deli, Inc. v. Neylan, 2001 Conn. Super. LEXIS 2411, Mr. Michael Neylan and Mr. Robert Goldkopf entered into an agreement on November 29, 1996, wherein Mr. Neylan agreed to purchase Party Time Deli, Inc. for $110,000.00 in addition to executing a promissory note on December 1, 1996, for the amount of $35,000.00 as consideration for Mr. Goldkopf consenting to a non-compete agreement.  The restrictive covenant identified Mr. Goldkopf as the party “primarily responsible for the day to day operation of the business known as Party Time Deli, Inc.” and prohibited him from directly or indirectly engaging in a delicatessen-type business within the City of Stamford for three (3) years following the date of closing for Mr. Neylan’s purchase of the company.  The $35,000.00 promissory note served as consideration for the covenant not to compete and was to be paid over a period of four (4) years.

Mr. Neylan failed to deliver the full amount of the promissory note to Mr. Goldkopf because he asserted that Mr. Goldkopf violated the terms of the non-compete agreement by operating the concession stand at the Stamford Yacht Club during the summer months of 1998.  Mr. Goldkopf contended that his actions did not violate the agreements between the parties because they did not specifically state whether the Stamford Yacht Club concession was covered by the covenant’s prohibitions.  He further argued that he was owed the balance of the promissory note, valued at $18,903.94 at the time of trial.  Mr. Goldkopf sued Mr. Neylan to recover the balance of the promissory note and Mr. Neyland submitted a counterclaim for lost profits associated with Mr. Goldkopf’s alleged breach of the non-compete agreement.

The court concluded that Mr. Goldkopf had indeed violated the terms of the covenant not to compete when he operated the Stamford Yacht Club concession stand during the summer of 1998 and that Mr. Neylan was entitled to the enforcement of the agreement’s terms.  While the court decided that Mr. Neylan was required to pay the balance of the promissory note that served as consideration for the non-compete agreement, that amount could be offset by the amount of profits from Mr. Goldkopf’s activities from the summer of 1998.  The court determined that Mr. Goldkopf’s unlawful activities resulted in a $25,000.00 lost profit suffered by Mr. Neylan, the amount that offset the balance of the promissory notes.  Based on the claim and counterclaim of the dispute, the court concluded that Mr. Goldkopf owed Mr. Neylan $6,096.06, an amount calculated by putting the $18,903.94 balance on the promissory note against the $25,000.00 lost profits associated with unlawful activities.

While the typical relief for a case involving an alleged breach of a non-compete agreement is an injunction (equitable relief), this case is an example where the court exercised its authority to grant both legal and equitable relief.  The court ordered the enforcement of the non-compete agreement’s provisions and also awarded damages due to moneys associated with the agreement’s consideration and profits generated from activities that violated the agreement’s terms.

The lawyers at Maya Murphy, P.C., are experienced and knowledgeable employment and corporate law practitioners and assist clients in New York, Bridgeport, Darien, Fairfield, Greenwich, New Canaan, Norwalk, Stamford, Westport, and elsewhere in Fairfield County.  If you have any questions relating to your non-compete agreement or would like to discuss any element of your employment agreement, please contact Joseph C. Maya, Esq. by phone at (203) 221-3100 or via e-mail at JMaya@Mayalaw.com.